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Pigeons Breed Dragoon

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Photo of a pigeonHead: The skull should be fairly massive and deep, in proportion to the size of the bird. In profile it should rise gradually from the base of the wattle forming a gentle and unbroken curve to the back of the head, thence descending to the neck without angularity or lumpiness. The distance from the centre of the eye to the back of the skull horizontally should be about 7/8 of an inch. The top view should be wedge-shaped and broad, yet proportionate to the substance and length of the beak, well filled in behind the wattle and slightly convex from eye to eye.

Beak: Both mandibles are to be stout, straight, of proportionate width and of equal substance, close fitting, smooth, and terminating as bluntly as possible. The beak is to be set horizontally, measuring from its tip to the centre of the eye about 1 5/8 inch, thus making the entire length from the tip of the beak to the back of the skull about 2 1/2 inches. The under mandible is to be as free as possible from "jewing", i.e., growth of wattle. (For colour of beak see special description of various colours).

Wattle: "Peg-shaped", i.e., broad, perpendicular and highest at the back, narrowing with equal sides. In young birds it will have longitudinal furrows towards the termination of the upper mandible and merging almost imperceptibly therewith. With age the wattle, whilst still retaining its peg shape, should develop into a compact formation, wrinkled in general appearance but fine in texture. It should be fairly large, yet proportionate to the size of the head.

Cere: Small, hard, and finely laced, the inner edge is to be circular and the outer nearly so, but with a slightly "pinched" appearance at the back. It should not extend above the top of the skull, nor crowd upon the wattle. In the adult three circles should be clearly distinguishable in the upper part of the cere, and two in the lower. (For colour of cere, see colour descriptions).

Eye: Large and prominent. (For colour of eye, see colour descriptions).

Neck: Of medium length and thickness, entirely free from gullet, and widening boldly from head to body.

Breast: Broad and full, with straight keel.

Back: Broad across the shoulders and flat, tapering off to the rump and tail.

Wings: Powerful, with short and broad flights resting on the tail. The shoulders should be thick, muscular, and prominent, but not standing out from the body too conspicuously.

Tail: Running in a line with the back, close fitting, carried clear of the ground. Somewhat short in proportion to the size of the bird, and extending about 5/8 of an inch beyond the extremity of the flights.

Legs: Short and well set back, with thighs stout and muscular.

Length of bird: Measuring from the point of the beak to the extremity of the tail, about 15 inches when outstretched.

Carriage: Erect and bold.

General characteristics: Medium in size and excessive in no property. Hard and very close-feathered. Alert and watchful.


Blue: Wings, body, rump, and thighs a deep rich blue of uniform shade throughout. The neck dark and lustrous, beak black, eye cere dark blue grey, usually described as damson. Eyes bright red currant colour. The two bars black, well defined, about 3/8 of an inch at the widest part, no third bar.

Blue Chequer: Body, head, and neck a deep rich blue slightly darker than in blues. The chequerings on the wings sharp and distinct and black in colour. Free from solid coloured butts. Breast, rump, and under colour a uniform shade of blue laced with black. Beak black, eye cere intense dark blue grey, rather darker than in blues. Colour of eye and bars as in blues.

Silver: Wings, body, rump, and thighs a uniform light silvery tint (not creamy). The head, neck, flights, and tail of a deeper shade; neck lustrous, and the breast free from bronziness. Beak horn colour, cere blue grey, eye rich red. Bars as in blues.

Silver Chequer: Ground colour, and neck as in silvers. Chequering even and distinct and as dark as possible, free from solid coloured butts. Beak, cere, eye, and bars as in silvers.

Grizzle: Blue, silver, or red. The head, body, and wings an even peppery combination of white, with blue, silver, or red; neither colour predominating. The flights and tail of a darker hue, but distinctly grizzled. The neck presenting a frosty appearance. In blue grizzles, beak, cere, eye, and bars as in blues. In silver grizzles beak, cere, eye, and bars as in silvers. In red grizzles beak horn colour, cere as in silvers, eye red, bars well defined and red in colour.

Red Chequer: Ground colour, flights, and tail a creamy grey shade; the chequering a sound red, free from solid coloured butts. Head and neck a sound red. Breast sound red, tapering off under the body to a creamy grey in vent and thighs. Beak, eye, and cere as in blues; bars red.

Yellow Chequer: Ground colour, body, and thighs light cream colour. Head and neck a deeper shade, chequering clear and distinct of orange-chrome tint, free from solid coloured butts. Bars orange-chrome, beak flesh colour, eye orange-red, cere powdery white.

Mealy: Ground colour, flights, and tail a creamy white bordering upon white itself. Neck and breast deep reddish brown, free from greenish tinge. Beak black cere as in silvers, eye red, and colour of bars red.

Yellow: A uniform soft rich orange-chrome throughout. Beak flesh colour and free from stain. Eye orange-red, cere powdery flesh colour.

Red: Uniform deep rich red throughout, lustrous on the neck. Beak flesh colour free from stain. Eye deep orange-red, cere powdery flesh colour.

White: Pure white throughout. Beak flesh colour, cere powdery flesh. Eye bull or dark hazel.

Black: Sound black throughout with no trace of bars. Beak black, cere intense damson colour, eye as in blues. In former times some very beautiful chequers existed with light markings on the butts, accompanied by very light under-colour. Should these recur they should not be unduly penalized.

Additional colour classes: Cream bar, light chequer (above description is for dark chequer), rare colours (includes reduced, opal, indigo, brown/khaki, etc.) A.O.C. (includes duns, chequered grizzles, stork-marked, pied, etc.).

The above classes are to be used at approved ADC meets. However, classes may be combined to create competition if deemed appropriate by member in charge.

Note: An exhibit whose carriage is not presented correctly should be duly penalized.